Records of Site Condition – What is it and who needs one?

A common question we get at G2S, is “what is a Record of Site Condition (RSC)?”  A RSC is filed with the Ministry of the Environment and Climate Change (MOECC) and summarizes the environmental condition of a property at a particular time, based on the completion of environmental site assessments (ESAs).  The RSC must be completed by a Qualified Person (as defined in O. Reg. 153/04).
Most commonly, a RSC is required when changing the land use (zoning) of a property to a more sensitive land use.  For example, a developer who purchases a property currently being used as an automotive repair shop with the intent of redeveloping the property as a residential building, would be required to file a RSC.  Residential land use standards for soil and groundwater are more stringent than commercial/industrial standards, and consequently the completion of ESAs are required to ensure that a property meets the appropriate standards.
A RSC starts with a Phase One ESA, which determines if additional work, ie. a Phase Two ESA, is required.  The RSC may also include remedial work to address any contamination and/or a Risk Assessment.  A Risk Assessment is the development of site specific standards for a property, and is typically completed when there is contamination on site and there are economical or physical restrictions for remediation.
A RSC can take approximately four to six months to complete, depending on the complexity of the ESAs.  Once the environmental assessments are completed, the RSC is submitted to the MOECC.  When the MOECC has provided their approval, the RSC is filed.
RSC’s can be publically viewed and searched for on the following registry (https://www.ontario.ca/environment-and-energy/records-site-condition).